Upper Mustang Driving Tour by 4WD Jeep

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Upper Mustang 4WD Jeep Driving Tour

Background of Upper Mustang Tour
Every area of the globe is on the edge of urbanization. So, it is difficult to find a place that maintains its originality and way of life. If you enjoy exploring some of the remaining, Upper Mustang is a place for you. The Upper Mustang Driving Tour here feels like a medieval Tibetan dream with centuries-old Tibetan traditions. The fortress still stands against the backdrop of the natural splendor of the desert.

Nicknamed the “Last Forbidden Kingdom” because it was closed to outsiders until 1992, the Mustang has long been isolated from the world, and the traps of modern life are far from here. The wonder remains untouched.

The Upper Mustang 4WD Jeep Driving Tour takes you to the walled city of Lo-Manthang, which was once the powerhouse of Mustang, sharing many cultural and linguistic similarities with Tibet. With the Royal Palace, Namgyal Gompa, Nyuphu monastery, and Thupchen Gompa, it is a cultural and traditional place to express Tibetan life. Beyond Lo-Manthang, there are about 10,000 man-made caves excavated and dug on the slopes of the Mustang Valley. The cave has just been discovered and can be visited as is.

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The tour departs from Kathmandu to Pokhara. From Pokhara, you will arrive at Kobang and pass through Kagbeni, Ghami, until you reach Lo-Manthang. Then drive back to Koban first, then Pokhara, and finally Kathmandu.

If you’ve ever wanted to glimpse the old Tibetan lifestyle under the clear desert skies, this trip is your call. So get ready for an incredible ride in the Forbidden Kingdom!

Key Highlights of Upper Mustang overland Driving Tour
Lo-Manthang is an ancient walled city that was once the capital of the Kingdom of Lo, which spans most of the Kingdom of Mustang. Built-in the 15th century, it is surrounded by a 6-meter-high earthen wall. The walls are closed by dzongs (square towers) at each corner. The building stands behind the wall.

Opportunity to interact with Lobas, an inhabitant of Upper Mustang. They will amaze you with thousands of years old lifestyles created by the unique fusion of Nepalese and Tibetan cultures. Experience this lifestyle first hand and enjoy the food while witnessing their warm hospitality.

Muktinath is an ancient temple sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. It is significant for Hindus that the name means “Lord of Liberation.” The central shrine is surrounded by the faces of 108 bulls, from which water is poured. The main idol is the size of a man and is crafted with gold.

An ancient group of 10,000 caves carved into the cliffs of a steep valley by the region’s ancient inhabitants. Known as Sky Caves, these caves are estimated to be over 3000 years old, and their original purpose is unknown. But for thousands of years, they have been used in different ways. According to archaeological sites dating at least 2,000 to 3,000 years ago, the cave was first used for human burial. It was used as a haven for fleeing battles in the 10th century. It began in the 14th century as a meditation room, military lookout, or storage.
Enjoy the sights of Annapurna-I (8,091 m/ 26,545 ft), Nilgiri (7,061 m/ 23,166 ft), Tilicho (7,134 m/ 23,406 ft), and Dhaulagiri (8,167 m/26,795 ft).

History of Upper Mustang

Upper Mustang emerged as an independent entity when the warrior and stubborn Buddhist Ame Pal from western Tibet founded Mustang as an independent kingdom in 1380 AD. He is said to be a direct descendant of Tibetan king Songtsen Gampo and has defeated several local warlords to establish his Kingdom. He extended Lo’s power to Purang and Western Tibet through his army. He was also responsible for building a walled fortress and later the capital of Lo-Manthang.

Before the Kingdom was founded, evidence shows that humans existed in Chhoser Cave. Construction began by digging into the sides of the walls of the steep valley of Upper Mustang. It has been agreed to be built as a meditation room, military lookout, or storage unit. There are also signs that it was used for human burial. Whatever the reason, it is an excellent proof of human resilience and adaptability.

At the end of the 16th century, the Kingdom of Lo was placed under the power of Ladakh. Then, in the middle of the 18th century, the Kingdom of Jumla in western Nepal managed to insist on Law. This invasion forced the Kingdom to pay heavy taxes. However, towards the end of the 18th century, Gorkha destroyed Jumla, and the Kingdom of Lo (Mustang) transferred its allegiance to Gorkha.

In the mid-19th century, when Lo stood on the side of Nepal against Tibet, the King of Nepal allowed the King of Mustang to retain the title of Raja (King) of Mustang. However, Tibetan Khampa guerrillas counterattacked from the Upper Mustang base in the 1950s. The Nepalese government then declared the Mustang area a restricted zone. It was opened mainly to foreigners in 1990. Since 1992, it has received a certain number of foreign tourists.

The title “Raja of Mustang” was retained until 2008, and when Nepal became a republic, the title was technically invalidated. The last titular King was Jigme Dorje Palbar Bista, the 25th generation King of Mustang.

A deep respect for the monarchy is especially noticeable at festivals. The Tiji Festival -Chasing the Demons and Yartung Mela -The Horse Festival are two outstanding events that set it apart from the rest of the country. And these festivals require the permission of the King to celebrate. The Royal Palace Square is the place where the Tiji Festival is celebrated. Local monks and artists walk from the monastery to the Royal Palace Square.

Festivals during Upper Mustang 4WD Jeep Driving Tour

Tiji Festival
The Tiji festival is a festival that honors the victory of good over evil and celebrates the victory of Buddha, who was incarnated as Dorje Jono. He is said to have acted on the orders of Padmasambhava Guru Rinpoche to fight evil forces to restore the region’s prosperity. This is 300-500 years old. The word “Tiji” is an abbreviation for Tempa Chirim, which means prayer for world peace.

This festival is observed in the fifth month of the Tibetan calendar, which corresponds to the mid-May to mid-June in the Gregorian calendar—celebrated for three days in Lo-Manthang, which is characteristic of the region. The festival will be held from May 27th to May 29th, 2022. It will be from May 16th to May 18th in 2023.

Following the music of the ritual, the masked dance “Rha Chaam” is performed on the third and final days. The performance is colorful and fun, emphasizing the victory of good over evil. All cast members will meet for other dances, music, and shootouts at the end of the show. The devil is represented by a barley doll thrown by a monk.

Key Aspects of Tiji Festivals
It commemorates the victory of Dorje Jono over his father, the King, and the demons, who terrorized the region by causing water shortages.
The first day expresses the fear of demons. The second day is characterized by the depiction of the birth of Dorje Jono. Third, defeat the devil and eliminate evil.
The leading dancer named Tshowa must complete a three-month retreat before attending the ceremony.
Members of the former Mustang royal family will attend the main event with the people of the seven states of the Old Kingdom, the monks of Lhasa and Ladakh.

Yartung Horse Festival
Another notable celebration at Upper Mustang is Yartung Mela. Yartung, which means “end of summer,” celebrates the harvest and the completion of the summer.

The festival begins with a simple ceremony attended by horse riders and monks in a walled city. The procession then leaves the town and rides a horse to the eastern fields of the town, where they celebrate.

Ride the racetrack near the village and enjoy various games and rides in the afternoon. One such game involves picking up a silk scarf from the ground while riding a horse and sprinting, and another game consists in throwing a rock at a stationary target.

Archery and football competitions are also the main attractions of the festival. The celebration also includes singing, dancing, and drinking. An offering is made to the Buddha, and the blessings of the elders are sought.

Every year, it is commemorated on the full moon of Bhadra. The month of Bhadra falls between mid-August and mid-September.

In 2022, it will be celebrated from September 1st to 3rd. A senior cleric, Lama, sets a post-harvest date. It is observed over three days. The procession is the center of the festival. Daily celebrations include a march to Khimkar, Jharkot, and Ranipauwa.

Key Aspects of the Yartung Horse Festival
The festival is celebrated to commemorate the end of the harvest. This is how people enjoy a feast after months of hard work.
Since Upper Mustang was once a military power in its own right, this festival is also a means of celebrating past conquests and horse-riding culture.
This ancient festival has long been forgotten and was revived about 20 years ago. Since 2015, unique Yartung has also been established in the villages of Ghami, Ghiling, Charang, and Chhoser.
The first day is usually presided over by the Gyalpo (King), the second day presided over by the Queen, and the third day presided over by Khenpo (Abbot) of Choedde Gonpa.

Key attractions of uppper Mustang 4WD Jeep Driving Tour

Kathmandu and Pokhara
Formed by the draining of an ancient lake, the Kathmandu Valley is a fertile land that many dynasties have ruled. It stands stoic over time and shows the architecture left by these dynasties. Seven of the many monuments and temples are listed as World Heritage Sites.

Durbar Square is the historic royal palace in Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and the Patan area. Similarly, Swayambhunath is the oldest Buddhist monument in the valley and is said to have been formed from lotus when the valley was still a lake, but Boudhanath is Nepal’s largest stupa. One of the most important religious sites for all Hindus, Pashupatinath has a large Hindu temple, and Changunarayan has a Hindu temple complex surrounded by a traditional Newa hamlet.

Unparalleled in Kathmandu, Pokhara is a city blessed with Mother Nature. Just enjoying the scenery around Pokhara is a beautiful experience. Pokhara is known as the “City of Lakes,” and nothing is more famous than Lake Phewa, where you can kayak through the reflections of Macchapuchhre.

You can also go on a short hike while in Pokhara. You can take a day hike to Sarangkot and enjoy paragliding and Parahawking there. Pokhara is considered one of the best paraglider spots globally due to its stunning mountain and lake views and stable currents.

Marpha is a charming stone-lined village. The name is derived from the words “mar,” which means “hardworking,” and “pha,” which means “people.” People in this area rely on tourism and mule breeding to survive. Marpha is known as the apple center of the country.

The Nyingma monastery, which dominates the settlement and provides excellent views of the Gandaki River valley, dominates the village. According to legend, the villagers were infected with leprosy, and all attempts to treat them failed. Locals were instructed by a local monk in Tukuche, south of Marpha, to set up a stupa and perform religious ceremonies there. Since then, leprosy has disappeared, and Marpha is prospering again.

Jomsom is the starting point for the scenic trekking trails of the Upper Mustang at an altitude of 2,743 m (8,999 ft). It is the gateway to the once closed Kingdom of Lo. The different terrains and cultures along this trail provide fascinating insights into the lives of Nepalese from many ethnic groups such as Thakali, Lobas, Gurung, Magar, and Tibetan.

Jomsom is also known as Dzong-Sampa, a new fortress in the local dialect. Thang Min Chen, the King of Thini, is said to have built a fort here. This was to monitor the movement of people along the trade route to Tibet. Once a prosperous trade route, this place is now a popular stop for the popular trekking trails in Nepal.
The highlight is a trek to the deepest gorge in the world created by the Kali Gandaki River, which rises above the Tibetan Plateau. The Ganges. Muktinath, a famous Buddhist and Hindu pilgrimage site not far from Jomsom, is a short distance away.

Kagbeni Village is one of the most beautiful villages globally and is located at an altitude of 2,800 m (9,186 ft) and is considered one of the oldest communities in the Himalayas. It is near the Muktinath – Lo-Manthang junction. Beautiful sun-dried bricks and brick buildings line the streets. Kagbeni’s linguistic way of life and landscape are comparable to Tibet’s.

For Hindus, it is a significant location since it is where they do their Pitri-Puja. It means an ancestral ritual. It is customary to take a recently deceased person to an ancestor and soothe them. It is also an important settlement for Buddhists. Many famous Buddhist monasteries and temples date back many years, and the village is like a museum for the practice of ancient Tibetan Buddhism.

The inhabitants of Kagbeni are called “Bhote” by their southern neighbors because of Tibetan culture and religious traditions, but they call themselves “Kakpa.” Here, it is a tradition that the son becomes a monk in the middle of the family (Lama).

Muktinath Temple
Muktinath temple has religious significance for both Hindus and Buddhists. This is the 106th of the 108 Divya Desam (meaning “Divine Country”) temple dedicated to Vishnu, one of the main Hindu gods.

Hindus call this place Mukti Kshetra. This means “place of salvation” and is one of the oldest Vishnu temples in Nepal. The temple is small and has a golden statue of a human-sized Vishnu as Shri Mukti Narayana.

According to Tibetan Buddhists, temples embody movement and energy for Dakinis. They believe that the statue inside represents the Avalokiteśvara (literally, “lord who gazes down (on the world)”).

There are 108 taps in the courtyard of Muktinath, from which the scared water representing the water of Pushkarini (temple tanks) flows. Bathing under all these taps is said to remove all the sins of life.

Kaligandaki Gorge
The Kali Gandaki Gorge, also known as Andha Galchi, is a Nepalese Himalayan gorge formed by Kali Gandaki, a tributary of the Gandaki River. The upper half of the gorge is also known as named after the Thakali people, who thrived in the Trans-Himalayan trade. The gorge is located within a structural graven.

If the height difference between the river and the peaks is used to determine the canyon’s depth, it is the deepest in the world. Its depth has yet to be determined. Dhaulagiri (8,167 m/26,795 ft) and Annapurna (8,091 m/ 26,545 ft) are separated by it.

Upper Mustang’s capital is Lo-Manthang, a walled city or city behind a wall. Lo-Manthang is culturally and linguistically similar to Tibet. It is the central Buddhist cultural hub of the Upper Mustang and is named Lo after its inhabitant Lobas.

The thickness of the base wall is 1.5 m. Large uncut and un-mortared stones form the foundation, on which clay blocks are piled up. The height of the wall is 8.55 m, and there is a stone path (width 60-70 cm) that runs parallel to the wall. It is surrounded by a wall with five corners, each with several fortresses. The wall has 60 spouts and 25 openings.

There are three red monasteries, the Royal Palace, twelve chortens, and a Mani wall inside the wall. The Tiji festival is also held here, representing a prayer for peace and an endemic event. Snow-capped mountains like as Tilicho (7,134 m/ 23,406 ft), Nilgiri (7,061 m/ 23,166 ft), and Annapurna I (8,091 m/ 26,545 ft) can also be found in Lo-Manthang.

Chooser Cave
Chhoser Cave near Lo-Manthang is a collection of about 10,000 man-made caves built on cliffs. It is carved on the side of the valley, giving the Upper Mustang a mysterious charm. This site has been designated as a UNESCO temporary site since 1996.

The use of Chhoser Cave was divided into three periods. The burial chamber is said to be the first use. The cave was later used as a residential area in the 10th century to ensure safety. By the 1400s, the cave was considered a military observatory, a storeroom, and perhaps a meditation room.

The cave has been discovered with the remnants of partially mummified human bodies and skeletons. These bones have cut markings on them and date back to the arrival of Buddhism in the Mustang. It is believed to be related to the Bon religion that performs sky burial. Objects from the 12th and 14th centuries were also discovered. Ancient Buddhist decorative arts such as paintings, pottery, and precious manuscripts are among them. A manuscript containing Buddhist and Bonn literature was found.

The Jhong Cave, which is five stories high and built on a cliff, is one of these caves. It has 40 rooms and is accessible by steep stairs. The windows of the cave offer stunning views of the Chhoser Valley. Advanced tantric yoga and Tummo (a Tibetan breathing style that allows for heat creation at high elevations) are also made possible by the cave.

Royal Palace
Royal Palace is located at 3,800 m (12,467 ft) in Lo-Manthang. Also known as the Tashi Gephel Palace, it is a spectacular example of 15th-century architecture. Clay, stone, and wood are used to build the five-story palace. Its dimensions are 45 meters (150 feet) east-west and 30 meters (100 feet) north-south. There is a sloping stone that serves as a seismic foundation.

The front door faces east and leads to the public areas of Lo Manthang. A four-story wooden gallery welcomes visitors at the entrance. It has Tibetan-style columns engraved on the first two floors. The infill on the upper 2nd floor is a simple wooden structure. The palace has about 130 rooms, shrines, and statues.

The palace is decorated with murals, inscriptions, and texts painted in white lime. It is surrounded by a wall: 12 stupas, three red monasteries, and mani stones near the palace.

Tibetan Buddhism
Upper Mustang is a stronghold for Tibetan Buddhism. In Upper Mustang, a religion in exile has been followed in its purest form since the Chinese conquered Tibet. Tibetan Buddhism teaches Mahayana Buddhism by combining Tantric, shamanistic, and ancient Bon religions. Bon religion, which preceded Tibetan Buddhism, is also practiced in the region.

According to legend, Padmasambhava, the great creator of Tibetan Buddhism, came to the Mustang to protect Buddhism from the evil forces trying to destroy it. He is said to have done this before the construction of Samye, the oldest monastery in Tibet. Padmasambhava erected Lo Gekar in the eastern Mustang after his victory. It is the oldest monastery in Tibetan Buddhism. The family has protected the monastery for 15 generations.

In Upper Mustang, Tibetan Buddhism is practiced in numerous small and large monasteries. Tibetan Buddhism is reflected in prayer flags, mani stone walls, and Chortens adorned with stupas. The Upper Mustang Cave is also an archaeological site of ancient Buddhist art. It was the home of the entire community and monks and a place to practice Tibetan culture.

The Tiji Festival is a tribute to Tibetan Buddhism, held only in Lo-Manthang. Muktinath is also considered a sacred place for Tibetan Buddhism. As a result, Mustang is one of the remaining bastions of Tibetan Buddhism.

Trans-Himalayan Landscape
Beyond the Himalayas or Trans Himalayas, it presents a unique landscape. The Trans-Himalayan landscape is on the northern border of Nepal, north of the Great Himalayas, which leads to the Tibetan Plateau. The blocks of the Trans-Large Himalayas are Mustang and Manang.

Because the Himalayas obstruct monsoon advances, the Trans-Himalayan Landscape is under the rain shadow. The vistas of the snow-capped mountains to the south are a one-of-a-kind experience in Nepal. The location is adorned with beautiful views of the Dhaulagiri and Annapurna Mountain Ranges.

The Trans-Himalayan rock formations are one-of-a-kind. Along with grey rolling hills, beautiful red-colored cliffs create a unique landscape.

Luri Gumba
Luri Gumba is located near the settlement of Yara, beyond the walled city of Lo-Manthang. It is an abandoned monastery with a red wash covering 100 meters above the ground. It is related to Tibetan Buddhism’s Nyingma Kargyupa Sect. Estimated to be 700 years old, it is cared for by the inhabitants of Yara.

It has two connection chambers and is supported by natural sandstone formation. The outer chamber comprises shrines, while the inner section comprises mural paintings of Mahasiddhas or enlightened saints. A canopy crowns the Luri Chorten, which rises three meters from the ground. The upper dome has four enormous frescos and is decorated with a small painting.
Luri Gumba is only accessible by a dirt trail, and the entrance to the lower caves requires mounting a wooden ladder. Monks have separate caverns near the Luri Gumba, where they live. Another Gumba called Tashi Kabum can be found on the road to Luri Gumba. It resembles the Luri Gumba in appearance. Luri Gumba, on the other hand, is more elaborate and well-preserved than Tashi Kabum. In winter, Gumba holds a local puja for the inhabitants. It consists of an unknown parade and dance.

Ghar Gumba
Ancient Ghar Gumba is located at an elevation of 3,931 m (12,897 feet). It is made up of colored chortens that run down the slope and provide a spiritual experience. Prayer flags are strung between the chortens. The entrance is greeted by a mani wall carved with Om Mani Padme Hum. Ghar Gumba is adorned with breathtaking rock art.

Views of mountains like Nilgiri (7,061 m / 23,166 ft) and Annapurna (8,091 m / 26,545 ft) provide a visual feast for your trip to Gumba. The irrigated land creates a bright scene, contrasting dramatically with the red-colored rock formations. Along the way, shepherds can be found in huge herds of goats.

Guru Padmasambhava erected the Ghar Gumba in the 8th century, and it is associated with the Nyingma Buddhist sect.

Detailed Itinerary of Upper Mustang Tour

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu
You arrive at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu, and your dream of traveling to Nepal has finally come true. Then check-in at the hotel. Take a rest and get the first glimpse of Kathmandu in the late afternoon or early evening.

Day 02: Kathmandu Sightseeing Tour
Kathmandu is a city worth visiting in Nepal. Swayambhunath, Pashupatinath, Boudhanath, and Kathmandu Durbar Square are all included in Kathmandu sightseeing tours.

The square was once house to Royal Family in Nepal and housed numerous temples, shrines, courtyards, etc., that exhibit medieval art and architecture.

Swayambhunath, also known as the Monkey Temple, was born of a lotus blossom that grows in the middle of a lake that previously covered the Kathmandu Valley. On the western outskirts of Swayambhunath, the largest portrait of the Shakyamuni Buddha in Nepal hangs on a pedestal.

Like, the Temple of Pashupatinath is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is the largest temple in Nepal. Similarly, Boudhanath’s 36-meter-high stupa is one of the largest stupas in South Asia. It is the center of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal, surrounded by countless religious communities.

We have one more place to visit today: The Kathmandu Durbar Square. The Kathmandu Durbar Square was once the royal house of Nepal and was home to numerous temples, shrines, and courtyards displaying medieval art and architecture.

You can return to your hotel or enjoy local food in the most popular downtown of Kathmandu. You can choose to visit the nearby store to purchase any required gear or equipment, including accessories and snacks for the trip. In the meantime, we will get a restricted area permit and ACAP permit for you.

Day 03: Kathmandu to Pokhara
After breakfast today, we will drive to Pokhara via the Prithivi Highway. Stunning views of the hills of Nepal and beautiful views of the Trishuli and Marsyangdi rivers await you on your journey. We will arrive at Pokhara in the late afternoon.

Pokhara is one of the most beautiful cities known for its lakes. Phewa lake serves as a mirror for the northern Himalayans. The hills around Pokhara offer plenty of options for hiking around Pokhara.

Pokhara is also a food hub, so you can enjoy the delicious street food such as ‘Panipuri’ (a snack made up of a circular crisp deep-fried flatbread filled with flavored water, tamarind chutney, chili powder, chat masala, mashed potato, onion, or chickpeas) or you could enjoy the savory delights of traditional Thakali dish.

Furthermore, enjoy the soul-soothing evening ‘Aarati’ (flame offered to deities in the evening) at Phewa Lake. You can also enjoy cycling around Phewa Lake. Pokhara is the last stop to buy the essentials that you have missed. You can visit the spa and get ready for the exciting trip.

Day 04: Pokhara to Kobang
On the fourth day of the trip, follow the road to Kobang, which passes through Beni and Tatopani. The road to Beni is blacktopped and covers a distance of over 100 km in about four hours.

You can visit the Galeshwor Dham in Beni. It is a holy pilgrimage site for Hindus all over the world. The entire temple premise stands on a single stone. According to the Hindu scriptures, the throat (gal) of goddess Sati Devi fell into this place while her dead body was being carried by Lord Shiva. The name Galeshwor is derived from this.

After Beni, the road is bumpy, and you will go down the Kali Gandaki River, which is the world’s deepest river. You will arrive at Tatopani with views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Mountains.

Tatopani has a natural hot spring where you can take a bath. It will be 6 hours’ drive, but a good break at Tatopani is recommended for a refreshing natural hot spring or hot bath. You will gain about 1800 m of elevation today.

Day 05: Kobang to Kagbeni (via Muktinath visit)
Today we will take you to Kagbeni, a beautiful town on the banks of the Kali Gandaki River. Today, the driveway is not in good condition, so this 60 km drive, which includes breaks for tea, lunch, and other breaks, can take 6-8 hours.

Andha Galchi (World’s Deepest Gorges), located between Annapurna I (8,091 m / 26,545 ft) and Dhaulagiri (8,167 m / 26,795 ft). Rupse Waterfalls, Marpha, and Tukuche’s delightful apple capital are just some sights you’ll see.

Marpha is a beautiful village known as the country’s apple capital. Explore this village by walking through paved alleys. You can taste the alcohol made from apples and take it home as a souvenir. You can taste various apple-based items such as jam, pie, dried apple, juice, etc.

You can also drive Muktinath to enjoy the religious fusion in Nepal. Muktinath is an important place to worship two religions – Hindus and Buddhists. If you are up for it, you could also take a bath at the 108 holy water taps, which are believed to wash away your sins.

Explore some of its mystic delights when you arrive at Kagbeni from Muktinath. After check-in, you can visit many monasteries and fortresses in Kagbeni. This beautiful village is decorated with Chortens and prayer flags. Among the various beautiful monasteries, the Red Monastery is the most noticeable. The local name of the monastery is Kag Chode Thupten Samphel Ling, and it was built in the 15th century. This place is also of great religious importance to Hindus. Hindus perform ‘puja’ for their ancestors here.

Day 06: Kagbeni to Ghami
Today’s route follows the Kali Gandaki River to Chhuksang, where it crosses the river to Chele. Before lunch, the main attractions are the Tange Apple Farm, the red rocky hills between Chhuksang and Chele, and the Kali Gandaki River through a rock tunnel just below the town of Chele.

You will follow the steep hills of Dajori La (3,735m) to Samar (3,945m). After crossing the Yamda La Pass (3,860m) at Syanbochen, stop at Chungsi Cave. Explore Geling on the way as it is noted for Geling Gompa – a 15th-century monastery. The monastery includes various statues, including those dedicated to Mahankal (Shiva), which is unusual in the Upper Mustang predominantly Buddhist environment.

The Nyi La Pass is an ideal vantage point for the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri massifs. Barley and buckwheat fields look like a haven in the middle of a dry and cold desert. Descending from Nyi La Pass, you will encounter blue, gray, and red cliffs until you arrive at Ghami where you will spend the night.

Day 07: Ghami to Lo-Manthang
Today is the shortest day of the Upper Mustang Drive Tour, covering only 17 km, but we will stop along the way. After breakfast, visit Lo Gager Ghar Gompa in Mustang, a significant monastery in Mustang.

Today, we will cross the Ghimi, Charang, and Dokpolo rivers while driving on a bumpy road. Upon arriving at Lo-Manthang, you’ll see yak and cow caravans and breathtaking views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri range. Explore the city in more detail tomorrow, but don’t forget to marvel at the ancient walls of the city, which withstood the challenges of centuries ago.

The thickness of the Lo-Manthang wall at the base is 1.5 m. Large stones that are not steep form the foundation. Blocks of Gyang are piled up on this base. Their first monarch, Ame Pal, built a wall around his palace to turn the city into a fortress to protect its citizens. The front entrance is on the north side of the wall. There are several other gaps in the fortress wall, but it is still the only main entrance to the fortress.

Day 08: Stay at Lo-Manthang
Today we will explore the beautiful Lo-Manthang for a whole day. It is the only walled city in Nepal and an intact medieval fortress. The royal palace is the first stop after breakfast. The royal palace reflects the centuries-old history of the royal family. The five-storied palace was built around the 15th century.

Next, explore Thupchen Gompa, one of the treasures of several historic monasteries. The ceilings and murals of this late 15th-century Gompa are spectacular. Currently, the city has 175 residents and just over 1,000 inhabitants. Lo-Manthang is indigenous Lobas land, so we learn about their culture and practices today.

Lo-Manthang is also home to two major festivals of Upper Mustang – the Tiji Festival and Yartung Mela. A three-day festival commemorating the triumph of good over evil is observed and celebrated during Tiji. The Yartung Mela, a horse festival that lasts 3 to 4 days and includes horse races and archery, is held in the summer.

While in Lo Manthang, you can’t miss the Shija Jhong cave in Chhoser. A two-hour walk from Lo-Manthang, Shija Jhong cave is a man-made spectacular and mysterious cave. It is a five-story cave with 40 rooms and 155 feet. You will have a beautiful view of Chhoser valley from the windows of the cave.

Day 09: Lo-Manthang to Kobang
Today is a long drive from Lo-Manthang to Kobang. You will return to Tsarang and Ghami using the same road to reach Lo Manthang. You will witness colorful stratified rock formations on the way back, be sure to take plenty of pictures because it might be a while you get to travel here again.

Also, cherish the trans-Himalayan views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges. When you arrive in Tetang, you will take the road to Kagbeni, which goes through the village of Chhuksang, Syanbochen, and Chele. You will arrive at Kagbeni just a short drive from these communities.

You will continue driving passing Muktinath, where you can once again appreciate the religious fusion of Hinduism and Buddhism in Nepal. If you have a short time, visit the Guru Rimpoche Gumba (Padmasambhava) monastery near the entrance to the temple. Then finally, you will reach Kobang. Today, a whole day is dedicated to getting to Kobang.

Day 10: Kobang to Pokhara
On the 10th day of the trip, we will return to Pokhara. Relive the beauty of the Nepalese countryside through Beni and Tatopani on smooth paved roads, and you will arrive in Pokhara. When you arrive in Pokhara, enjoy mountain views in the beautiful city of lakes. If you feel like it, enjoy the nightlife in this vibrant city.

Alternatively, you can go to the spa and relax with body care: lively live music scenes, pubs, stunning sunsets, and much more. The day will be tiring since you will be driving for about 6 hours, so it’s a good time to relax.

Day 11: Pokhara to Kathmandu
The journey ends with a drive back to Kathmandu through some of the world’s most beautiful landscapes, including terraced rice fields, eye-catching landscape, the Trishuli and Marsyangdi rivers, and the breathtaking views of other mountains. You can spend the day relaxing or catching up with the sights you missed on your first day in Kathmandu.

Day 12: Departure from Kathmandu
After an incredible tour, your adventure is finally over. This trip will be a wonderful memory until you return to Nepal on your next trek. Be sure to check-in at the airport three hours before your flight.

Weather in Upper Mustang

The average annual temperature of the Upper Mustang is about 11 ° C, and the yearly rainfall is about 307 mm. Upper Mustang has three seasons: spring, autumn, and winter.

Typical spring temperatures are 16-22 ° C during the day and 6-2 ° C at night. Due to the rain shadows of the Annapurna Mountains, the weather is mostly dry and sunny throughout the year. March-May is the spring season of Upper Mustang. Average maximum and maximum temperatures vary between 15 and 21 ° C during the day but can be below freezing at night.

The Autumn of the Upper Mustang occurs in October and November, with temperatures ranging from 12 to 20 ° C. Winds can be strong on autumn afternoons.

Winter is between December and February, during which severe weather conditions occur. In winter, temperatures can drop to -25 or -20 ° C at night, and daytime temperatures range from 0 to 5 ° C. As soon as the sun sets, the entire area begins to freeze.

Best time to do Upper Mustang 4WD Jeep Driving Tour

The best time to visit Upper Mustang is from March to September, during the spring and monsoon seasons. Warm and stable weather conditions characterize the spring and monsoon seasons, allowing stunning views of the mountains and unique dry and amazing rock formations.

In the spring, enjoy the breathtaking views of Annapurna (8,091 m / 26,545 ft), Dhaulagiri (8,167 m / 26,795 ft) and Nilgiri (7,061 m / 23,166 ft).

When you visit in the spring, if you plan your trip correctly, you also have the chance to attend the Tiji Festival.

Also, during the monsoon, most trails in Nepal are hard to walk, but not in Upper Mustang. The Mustang Trail is neither muddy nor dangerous in the monsoon. During the monsoon season, you can also see the vegetation of the dry Himalayan plateau.

In theory, Upper Mustang can be visited all year round, but there is one limitation during the winter season. In winter, the weather worsens, and residents travel to Pokhara or Kathmandu. The fewer residents, the less service. Therefore, it is wise to avoid visiting Upper Mustang in the winter.

Food and Accommodation for Upper Mustang 4WD Jeep Driving Tour

Due to its sparsely populated and relatively remote location, accommodation and meals in Upper Mustang are more expensive than in other parts of Nepal.

Upper Mustang Trek’s cuisine is traditional and unique, but there are also Western, Nepalese, and other options. Meals are served three times a day.

The breakfast menu includes oatmeal, cornflakes, milk porridge, and tea. Lunch options include traditional Nepalese dishes such as Dal Bhat and pizza, noodles, and sandwiches. Dal bhat is an integral part of Nepalese cuisine. Lentils are called Dal, and rice is called Bhat, served with curry, boiled eggs, and other side dishes. Dinner may consist of dishes such as dal bhat or Tibetan noodle soup, peaches, and fried dumplings.

Hikers can buy various groceries when riding in Upper Mustang, but hikers are advised to bring chocolate, granola bar, or other nutritious food. Food prices are higher here, but price volatility is less.

Accommodation in Upper Mustang is basic but sufficient. Toilets are usually equipped with western flush toilets and can be shared or private. The journey will be primarily toward a tea house. The teahouse resembles a large family home that has been expanded to accommodate visitors. Most single rooms have two small cots with mattresses, pillows, and bedsheets. Additional blankets can be requested.

Dormitories can also be found at affordable prices for those who want to stay. The hot shower must be paid for separately. In some areas like Lo-Manthang, good hotels offer rooms with bathrooms.

Staying in a tea house is a great way to learn about the culture and life of the people who live there. Since Upper Mustang is relatively isolated, it retains ancient culture, and interacting with them is an excellent opportunity to learn about them.

Upper Mustang has bottled drinking water, which is expensive and ranges from USD 2 to USD 5 per bottle. You will need to bring a water purification tablet while traveling to Upper Mustang. Upper Mustang is hot and dry, so it is important to drink plenty of water.

Internet, Phone and bank in Upper Mustang

Internet and Phone
The major areas, in particular, offer decent network and connectivity, but because the Upper Mustang is so remote, Wi-Fi, mobile network, and electricity can vary greatly.

The Internet connection on the Upper Mustang Trail is sporadic and intermittent. After Jomsom, the number of tea shops with Wi-Fi will decrease until you arrive at Muktinath. The Wi-Fi service of Muktinath and Kagbeni is a bit better. Wi-Fi at the Upper Mustang tea houses is USD 1 per hour and is uneven.

Considerable effort has been made to provide a good internet connection at Lo-Manthang, but the same is not valid for the rest of the trails. Therefore, social media, especially video streaming, should be done in strategic locations like Lo-Manthang.

On the other hand, a mobile internet connection can be obtained with a local SIM card. Mobile data packages can be purchased much cheaper with a SIM card. However, Internet access may not be available due to possible patches in the cellular network coverage.

SIM cards can be purchased easily and cheaply at airports and phone shops. You need a passport to buy it. Currently, 4G connections are also available in Upper Mustang, but the quality of the connections varies significantly along the trail.

Upper Mustang has recently made significant progress in telecommunications, with Nepal Telecom (NTC) doing exceptionally well in this area. Mobile phone reception is usually available along the trail on sunny days. Especially Jomsom, Muktinath, and Lo-Manthang have good mobile phone coverage. Another carrier, Ncell, is also expanding its presence in Upper Mustang.

There are landlines in some villages. Satellite phones are also used to ensure communication when mobile phone coverage is unavailable. However, the use of such devices is expensive. Personal calls are USD 5 per minute, and SMS texts are USD 2.

Upper Mustang’s electricity is uneven at best. Power outages occur frequently, and certain villages like Kagbeni and Lo-Manthang rely on solar power. There are other small hydropower plants in Lo-Manthang and Muktinath, and wind power is becoming more important. You can charge your phone and camera at tea houses. This comes at a low price. As a result, portable solar panels or power banks might be helpful to have on hand while touring in this area.

Banks and ATM
Nepalese Rupee (NPR) is the official Nepalese currency. Nepali banknotes are available in denominations of NPR 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1000. While NPR 1, 2, and 5 are offered in both coins and banknotes. Foreign currency is generally unlikely to be accepted, especially in remote areas such as Upper Mustang.

There are many money exchange offices, banks, and ATMs in Kathmandu and Pokhara. Many exchange centers, banks, and ATMs can be found in Kathmandu and Pokhara. This is where the. Exchanges can be made in two places along the way: Jomsom and Muktinath.

ATMs are the most convenient way to exchange money, but banks and airports also offer this service. However, not all currencies are exchanged in Nepal. Therefore, it is advisable to have major currencies such as US dollars and the British pound sterling.

The cash withdrawn from a bank is limited to between USD 100 and USD 340. Similarly, there is an exchange rate and service fee for each ATM transaction. Visa and MasterCard are two accepted cards. ATMs are located on almost every major street in Kathmandu and Pokhara. NPR is not recognized in other countries, so it is important to update it before leaving.

The banks are open from 10 am to 4 pm from Sunday to Thursday and Friday from 10 am to 3:30 pm. Banks are closed on Saturdays and public holidays. Hotels and restaurants in Kathmandu and Pokhara accept credit cards. Visa and MasterCard are the accepted cards.

Gear and Equipment for Upper Mustang Tour

Necessary Documents
A valid passport and a few passport-sized photographs
Nepalese Visa
Restricted Area Permit
Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) Permit
Travel insurance
Cash/Credit card (carry enough cash as the chances of credit card acceptance is lean)

General Medicine
The first-aid kit
Personal medical prescriptions

Personal Care
Sunscreen, moisturizer, lip balm
Insect repellent
Wet wipes, toilet paper
Soap, toothbrush/toothpaste, shampoo, deodorant, hairbrush
Mask, hand sanitizer
Water purifying tablets

The Basics Clothing
Warm hat, Scarf, Gloves
Long and short sleeve shirts and t-shirts
Top and bottom thermals
Heavy fleece or down jacket
Wind and waterproof jacket & pants
Comfortable and sturdy walking shoes (often worn before departure)
Running shoes or evening sandals
Hiking socks (ensure boots fit socks combination)

Vehicle Maintenance
Air pressure gauge
Spare Tire (Full Size)
Jack and tire iron
Tire inflator/tire sealer
Jumper Cables
Extra Petrol
Jumper cables
Essential Toolkit: Allen wrenches, Baling wire, Crescent wrench, Duct tape, Electrical tape & spare connectors, Flashlight, Hammer, Knife, Nuts & bolts (a few assorted sizes), Pliers, Screwdriver, Superglue, Vise grips, Wire and wire cutters.
Bag and Gears
Waterproof day pack (25-30 liter)
Minimum 1-liter refillable water bottle
Sleeping bag

Energy Bars and Snacks
Nuts and seeds
Peanut butter
Protein bars

Personal Items
Writing pad
Power bank
Camera with extra batteries and memory cards

Altitude sickness

Altitude sickness is very unlikely in Upper Mustang, but it is possible to have altitude sickness because it exceeds the threshold of 3,500 m. Altitude sickness is accompanied by symptoms of headache, dizziness, and shortness of breath. Doctors may prescribe various medications and, rarely, oxygen supplements to treat altitude sickness. However, the degree of descent to low elevations is the most efficient method for reducing the symptoms of altitude sickness. Altitude sickness can be avoided by gently climbing and allowing the body to acclimate to new heights.

The Upper Mustang tour has a moderate difficulty level. You can make the tour more enjoyable by taking a short break and getting used to it. Similarly, it may be much easier to physically and mentally prepare for the ride.

There are few clinics in the Upper Mustang region, and the available clinics are rudimentary. So if you run into problems, you need to go back to Jomsom. There are usually small rooms in rudimentary clinics with few beds and limited medicine. Therefore, it is recommended to carry a modest first-aid kit. Helicopter rescue can be arranged in an emergency, or a helicopter can be rented independently from Lo Manthang.

Upper Mustang permits

Upper Mustang requires two types of permits. The Restricted Area Permit (RAP) is the first, and the Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) is the second.

The first is issued by the Immigration Department, while the Tourism Board issues the second. RAP costs USD 500 per person for ten days, plus USD 50 for each additional day. The cost of an ACAP permit is around USD 30.

With the issuance of RAP, the Trekkers’ Information Management Systems (TIMS) Card required for all other trekking in Nepal is not needed here.

Your passport must be valid for at least six months, and you must show your original passport and your current visa when applying for a permit. Two passport photos and a copy passport are required for an ACAP permit.

Related Trips in Mustang

Upper Mustang Mountain Biking Tour
Upper Mustang has cultural importance. As a result, it has multiple pieces of evidence of ancient civilization. As much as the place is enchanting, it is even more stunning through bike rides. Upper Mustang Mountain Bike Tour adds a missing element of adventure. A cool breeze caresses your face as you ride past buckwheat fields with locals herding their yaks waving. The trails pass through rocky, sandy, and gravel tracks.

Jomsom Muktinath Trek
Jomsom Muktinath Trek is full of natural beauty and breathtaking views. The snow-covered mountains are so close that you feel like you can touch them. The magnificent and aesthetic mountains seen by Jomsom and the trail leading to this fascinating world make the journey more exciting and energetic.

Jomsom Muktinath Motorbike Tour
The Jomsom Muktinath Motorbike Tour is a beautiful journey through one of Nepal’s major pilgrimage sites. The tour is adventurous as it explores the second half of Annapurna Circuit trekking. This trip also offers exquisite views of Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, and the Nilgiri Mountains. The journey ends at the Temple of Muktinath, a place of sacred peace and power for both Hindus and Buddhists.

FAQ for Upper Mustang driving tour by 4wd Jeep


What does Mustang mean in Nepali ?

Mustang is derived from the Tibetan word möntang, which means “wealthy plain.” Upper Mustang has a cold, semi-dry trans-Himalayan climate with an annual rainfall of 250-400 mm (9.8-15.7 inches). The Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges cast a rain shadow over them. Even though few planted farmlands here, little fields serve as fruitful oases, hence the name.


Is Upper Mustang tour open?

Upper Mustang only introduced to non-Nepalese trekkers 20 years ago, and access is still restricted today. In the 1950s, Tibetan Khampa guerrillas fought back from a stronghold in Upper Mustang. As a result, the Nepalese government has declared the Mustang area an exclusion zone.

However, since 1992, it has accepted many foreign tourists. Trekkers require special trekking permits and must be accompanied by a trekking guide to visit Upper Mustang.


Where is Upper Mustang Nepal?

Upper Mustang is located in the northern part of the trans-Himalaya Mountains in Nepal. Politically, it is located in Mustang district, Gandaki Province. Lo-Manthang, Dalome, and Baragung Muktichhetra are the three rural municipalities that make up the district. The Thakali speak Thakali and have a culture incorporating Tibetan and Nepalese features.


What is Upper Mustang famous for?

Upper Mustang is known as the birthplace of Tibetan culture. The isolation that lasted until the early 1990s allowed the locals to practice traditional beliefs and live in peace.

Upper Mustang was one of the best-preserved places globally because it was restricted to monarchy and demilitarized zones until 1992. Most of the population still speaks the traditional Tibetan dialect. Tibetan culture is preserved because this region is relatively isolated from the rest of the world.

Similarly, the red cliffs, stunningly painted man-made caves, and natural desert terrain with close-up views of the mountains create an incredible atmosphere.


Why is Upper Mustang called the Forbidden Kingdom?

Upper Mustang lies in the Mustang district of Gandaki province of Nepal and is adjacent to the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China in the north. Its history can be traced to the 14th century, founded by the warrior Ame Pal. Formerly known as the Kingdom of Lo, Upper Mustang was a restricted area and opened to westerners in 1992 only, and still, the region is heavily restricted. The restriction was imposed because, in the 1950s, Tibet’s Khampa guerillas fought back from a stronghold in Upper Mustang. Even today, it hasn’t changed much due to its remoteness. Tibetan culture is still alive in that area. For this reason, it is known as the Forbidden Kingdom. A special permit from the Government of Nepal is still required to visit Upper Mustang.


How far is Kathmandu from Upper Mustang?

Upper Mustang is 206 km/ 128 mi away from Kathmandu. The total distance traveled is 422 km/ 260 mi. Upper Mustang is about 90 km from Pokhara.


What is the height of the upper Mustang?

The highest altitude during the trip is Lo-Manthang, situated at 3,730 m/12,237 ft. The Pokhara has an elevation of 822m / 2,697ft, resulting in a total elevation gain of approximately 3000m during the Upper Mustang Tour. The closest destination to Pokhara is Kobang, 2540 meters above sea level. The next destination Ghami, which is 3560m, so that we will achieve over 750m on this day. The ultimate destination of this tour, Lo-Manthang, is 3840 meters.


How do I get to the Upper Mustang?

You can trek, drive or fly to Upper Mustang. The starting point for all is Pokhara. If you want to fly, you need to fly to Jomsom. Similarly, it takes 8-10 hours by car/bus from Pokhara to Jomsom. Then you can fly from Jomsom to Lo-Manthang by helicopter.

Alternatively, you can hike from Jomsom to Upper Mustang or ride a jeep. Depending on the route, trekking takes 4-5 days, but jeep driving takes a day. If you want to explore Annapurna Conservation and Upper Mustang all at once, you can start trekking from Tikhedhunga, the starting point for Annapurna trekking.


Can you drive to Lo manthang, Upper Mustang, Nepal?

Yes, you can drive to Upper Mustang. The journey begins in Pokhara. To get to Lo-Manthang, drive through Kobang, Kagbeni, and Ghami from Pokhara. You’ll return to Kobang from Lo-Manthang and then to Pokhara.

From Kathmandu to Jomsom, a beautifully built black-tipped road leads to Jomsom. However, the condition is not good. The situation worsens in the rainy season. After Jomsom, the road is basic and dusty. Even if the roads aren’t as good as you expected, this trip is a once-in-a-lifetime adventure in the Himalayas.


How do you get an Upper Mustang tour permit?

You can apply for an Upper Mustang Restricted Area Permit (RAP) at the Kathmandu Immigration Office. The permission must be obtained from a Nepal-registered trekking firm. The address of the immigration office is as follows.

Department of Immigration
Kalikasthan, Kathmandu.
Tel: +977-01-4529659, 4429660
Fax: +977-01-4433935, 4433934
Email: info@immigration.gov.np

Permits for the Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) are available at the Tourism Board Offices of Kathmandu and Pokhara. Nepal Tourism Board is located in Pradarshani Marga, Kathmandu, a 15-20 min walk from Thamel. Contact details are;

Nepal Tourism Board
Bhrikutimandap, Kathmandu
Tel: +977 1 4256909
Fax: +977 1 4256910
E-mail: info@ntb.org.np


What should I bring for Upper Mustang Tour ?

You will need to bring proper clothing, documents, money, and snacks to the Mustang. Be sure to bring a restricted area permit and an Annapurna Conservation Area Project Permit. You will need cash in Nepalese currency to pay the cost. Bring warm and comfortable clothes for your trip. Bring light meals such as nuts, seeds, chocolate, and a granola bar.


Is there internet in Lo-Manthang?

The large areas of Nepal have good networks and connectivity, but due to the remote location of Upper Mustang, Wi-Fi, cellular networks, and electricity can be unstable. In Lo-Manthang, mobile reception is excellent. NTC recently provided 4G services in the region. Another carrier, Ncell, is also expanding its presence in Upper Mustang.


How is the weather in Upper Mustang?

Upper Mustang has a cool, semi-arid trans-Himalayan climate. The afternoon weather in Upper Mustang is fairly windy and dusty. It gets chilly when the sun goes down. The average annual temperature of the Upper Mustang is about 11 ° C, and the yearly rainfall is about 307 mm. Due to the rain shadows of the Annapurna Mountains, the weather is dry and sunny throughout the year. Spring, summer, autumn, and winter are three different seasons of Upper Mustang.

Spring (March- May): The average spring temperature is 16 to 22 ° C during the day and -6 to 2 ° C at night. Spring is the glorious time of the beautiful flowers of Upper Mustang. Similarly, the three-day Tiji Festival is celebrated during the same period.
Summer (June-Aug): The average summer temperature is 13 to 20 ° C during the day and -3 to 0 ° C at night. Summer is the rainy season throughout the Nepal, except for Upper Mustang, which makes it unique.
Autumn (Sept-Nov): Upper Mustang has a temperature range of 12 to 20 degrees Celsius during the day and -8 to -4 degrees Celsius at night.
Winter (Dec-Feb): The average daily temperature in winter is 0 to 5 degrees Celsius. At night, the temperature drops to -25 to -20 ° C. In December, January and February, there is a lot of snow in Upper Mustang. Average temperatures in December reach a maximum of 12 ° C during the day but drop to 9 ° C in January. January is the coldest night of winter. Temperatures begin to rise in mid-February.


Which is the best month for Upper Mustang tour ?

Spring and Summer are the best times to visit Upper Mustang. Warm and stable weather conditions characterize the spring and summer seasons, with stunning views of the mountains and surrounding areas.

These times are magical as the crops field have a beautiful bloom. The trails of the Upper Mustang are neither muddy nor slippery. Similarly, the Tiji festival also takes place during spring, an endemic festival of Upper Mustang.


How long does the Upper Mustang tour by jeep ride?

The overland jeep tour starts in Pokhara and lasts at least seven days to complete. However, the entirety of getting back to Kathmandu and some light exploring requires at least 12 days.

From Pokhara, you will be driving through Kobang, Kagbeni, and Ghami to reach Lo-Manthang. From Lo-Manthang, you will trace your way back to Kobang and then Pokhara. You need to plan for at least one day to explore Lo Manthang.


What to pack for the Upper Mustang jeep trip?

Upper Mustang jeep ride requires packing important documents, essentials (snack, water, toilet paper), basic tool kits, first aid kits (antihistamines, especially for motion sickness), and safety gears.

Necessary Documents
A valid passport and a few passport-sized photographs
Nepalese Visa
Restricted Area Permit
Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) Permit
Travel insurance
Cash/Credit card (carry enough cash as the chances of credit card acceptance is lean)


Can I charge my phone in the upper Mustang tour ?

The electricity in Upper Mustang is inconsistent at best. Power outages are common, and some communities, such as Kagbeni and Lo-Manthang, rely solely on solar energy. Additional micro-hydro plants have been built at Lo-Manthang and Muktinath, and wind power generation is gaining traction.

The tea shop owner normally turns on the electricity at predetermined times, usually in the evening. After that, you’ll be able to charge your phones and cameras. This is also reasonably priced. As a result, having portable solar panels or power banks on hand while walking in this area may be beneficial.

So, Yes, you can charge your mobile phone in Upper Mustang. But, it is advisable to carry a portable power bank, as the power supply can become unstable.


Is the upper Mustang jeep trip itinerary customizable?

The shortest jeep trip takes seven days, but you can customize it to suit your schedule. The itinerary can be personalized according to your needs and style. Himalaya Holiday Service is an experienced company that ensures that packages are tailored to your budget and needs.

With a customized trip, you could separate some days to explore areas such as Kagbeni, Marpha, and Muktinath or spend another day in Lo-Manthang. Alternatively, you could explore the Chooser Cave, Yara region.


Will I get altitude sickness during Upper Mustang Tour?

The oxygen concentration in the air decreases as the altitude increases. Due to the relatively low elevation profile, the likelihood of altitude sickness during the Upper Mustang Jeep ride is very low. However, be careful when you start showing signs, as it exceeds the 3500 m threshold.

Headache, dizziness, difficulty sleeping, nausea, loss of appetite, rapid pulse, and shortness of breath are all symptoms of altitude sickness. If you have any of these symptoms, please immediately contact your guide. Then, take a break, drink plenty of water, and return to lower altitudes if the situation seems worse.

So, make sure you have health insurance from a reputable company valid in Nepal for this trip.

Upper Mustang Video

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